An Alphabetical List of the Characters in Lennox & Freda


Ashton, Sir Frederick
1904–88; dancer and choreographer; friend of Lennox in Paris in the 1920s, and in London in the 30s, when they collaborated on a gala ballet for Sadler’s Wells.
Auden, W. H
1907–73; poet; a friend and contemporary, where Lennox was the first to set Auden to music.
Berkeley, Cécile, Countess of
1832–1914; daughter of Edouard Drummond, Comte de Melfort, by his wife Maria Naysmith, and wife, successively, of Admiral Sir Fleetwood Pellew (divorced 1859) and Captain George Berkeley, later 7th Earl of Berkeley; Lennox’s paternal grandmother.
Berkeley, George, 7th Earl of
1827–88; a captain in the 35th Regiment of Foot, chronic gambler and undischarged bankrupt; Lennox’s paternal grandfather.
Berkeley, Capt. Hastings, R.N
1855–1934; scholar, author of Wealth and Welfare; or, Our National Trade Policy and its Cost (John Murray, 1887), Japanese Letters: Eastern Impressions of Western Men and Manners, as Contained in the Correspondence of Tokiwara and Yashiri (John Murray, 1891), and Mysticism in Modern Mathematics (Oxford University Press, 1910); eldest, but illegitimate, son of George, 7th Earl of Berkeley and Cécile Drummond; Lennox’s father.
Berkeley, (Helen) Yvonne
1899–c. 1984; journalist, and active Catholic; unmarried only daughter of Sir Ernest and Lady Berkeley; Lennox’s first cousin.
Berkeley, Julian
born 1950; Chairman, Berkeley Guard security systems, and musician; Lennox and Freda’s second son.
Berkeley, Sir Lennox
1903–1989; composer, son of Hastings and Aline Berkeley, and husband of Freda Bernstein.
Berkeley, Kate, Countess of
1854–98; professional singer; youngest daughter of William Brand, widow of Arthur Herbert Jackson, and first wife of Randal, Earl of Berkeley; Lennox’s aunt by marriage.
Berkeley, Leonore (‘Nelly’)
1868–1929; composer and musician; daughter of Sir James Harris and wife of Sir Ernest Berkeley (younger brother of Hastings); Lennox’s double aunt.
Berkeley, Mary (‘Molly’), Countess of
c. 1884–1975; daughter of John and Mary Lowell of Boston, Massachusetts, divorced wife of Frank Lloyd of Philadelphia, and second wife of Randal, Earl of Berkeley; Lennox’s aunt by marriage.
Berkeley, Michael
born 1948; composer and broadcaster; Lennox and Freda’s eldest son.
Berkeley, Nicholas
born 1956; photographer; Lennox and Freda’s youngest son.
Berkeley, Randal, 8th and last Earl of
1865–1942; scientist who led significant, private research into the density of crystals and osmotic pressure, and was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society, scratch golfer and author of a book on the game’s principles; third son of George and Cécile Berkeley; husband of, successively, Kate Jackson née Brand, and Molly Lloyd née Lowell; Lennox’s uncle.
Bernstein, (Elizabeth) Freda
born 1923; only child of Isaac Bernstein and Grace Nunney; Lennox’s secretary in the BBC Music Department during the war, and later his wife.
Bernstein, Isaac
1869–1928; boot dealer and property speculator, South Wales; second son of (Hyman) Joseph Bernstein by his wife Fradel; husband of Grace Nunney; Freda’s father.
Boulanger, Nadia
1887–1979; legendary professor of music, composer, conductor and musician; Lennox’s teacher in Paris 1926–33, lifelong friend and spiritual guide.
Britten of Aldeburgh, (Edward) Benjamin, Baron
1913–76; composer; Lennox’s domestic and musical partner, 1936–39, and lifelong artistic inspiration.
Burra, Peter
1909–37; biographer and critic; friend of Lennox and Benjamin Britten, who dedicated to him their joint composition Mont Juic, inspired by a 1936 visit to Barcelona where they all met for the first time.
Chappell, William (‘Billy’)
1908–94; dancer, theatre designer and producer; friend of Lennox and collaborator on two ballets.
Cocteau, Jean
1889-1963; writer, designer, playwright, artist and filmmaker, muse of creative Paris in the 1920s.
Davenport, John
1908–66; writer and critic; husband of Clement (later wife of William Glock); Lennox’s friend (and host at the Malting House, Marshfield near Bath, 1939–40), and collaborator on a film.
Dent, Edward
(1876-1957), writer on music, Professor of Music at Cambridge University 1926-41, President of the I.S.C.M. from its foundation in 1922 until 1938.
Fraser, Flying Officer Peter, RAF
1920–76; Lennox’s wartime partner; later a journalist.
Glock, Sir William
1908–2000; critic and music administrator, second husband of Clement Davenport; one of a group of artists, including Lennox, who took sanctuary with John Davenport in Gloucestershire during the Battle of Britain.
Greenidge, John
1899–1953; architect, film-maker and theatre designer; Lennox’s lifelong friend.
Gronau, Hans
1904–51; art historian, head of Old Masters Department at Sotheby’s. Freda’s married admirer.
Harris, Gerhardine, Lady
c. 1839–1912; amateur actress; daughter of Ferdinand, Freiherr von Gall by his wife (and cousin) Leonore, Freein von Gall. Lennox’s maternal grandmother.
Harris, Sir James
1831–1904; watercolourist, and British Consul, Nice; son of Commander Isaac Harris, RN, by his wife Harriet Bird, and husband of Gerhardine, Freiin von Gall; Lennox’s maternal grandfather.
Howson, George
1860–1919; educationalist and writer, reforming headmaster of Gresham's School, Holt, during Lennox’s time there in the First World War.
Isherwood, Christopher
(1904–86), novelist.
Jackson, Sybil
(1877–1976), singer and pianist; unmarried daughter of Arthur and Kate Jackson, and step-daughter and companion of Randal, Earl of Berkeley; Lennox’s godmother.
Lees-Milne, James
1908–97; architectural historian, novelist, biographer and diarist; married Alvilde Chaplin née Bridges, last companion of the princesse de Polignac; friends of Lennox from the 1930s.
Lloyd, John (‘the Widow’)
1900–78; conservationist, historian and former Bright Young Thing; Mayor of Montgomery 1932–8, High Sheriff of Montgomeryshire 1940; Lennox’s Oxford contemporary and lifelong friend.
Markevitch, Igor
1912–83; composer and conductor, last lover of Diaghilev, and husband of Nijinsky’s daughter Kyra.  Lennox’s friend and fellow pupil of Nadia Boulanger in Paris.
Maugham, William Somerset
1874 – 1965; playwright, novelist and short story writer; friend and champion of Lennox, and neighbour of Lennox’s parents at Cap Ferrat.
Pears, Sir Peter
1910–86; tenor; Benjamin Britten’s lifelong friend and companion.
Pilkington, (Charles) Vere
1905–83; harpsichordist and collector of old keyboard instruments; Chairman of Sotheby’s, 1953–8; husband of Honor Philipps, daughter of 1st Lord Kylsant; Lennox’s Oxford flatmate and lifelong friend (and Freda’s employer at Sotheby’s 1946–7).
Polignac, Winnaretta, Princesse Edmond de
1865–1943; organist and patron of the arts; daughter of Isaac Merritt Singer, and wife of Prince Edmond de Polignac; Lennox’s friend and patron.
Ponsonby, David
1901–86; pianist, composer, watercolourist and Resistance fighter; Lennox’s Oxford contemporary and fellow pupil of Nadia Boulanger in Paris.
Poulenc, Francis
1899 –1963; composer and member of the French group Les Six; lifelong friend of Lennox.
Pryce Jones, Alan
1908–2000; writer, and librettist of Berkeley’s grand opera Nelson.
N. José Raffalli
died c. 1941; Lennox’s Corsican flatmate in Paris in the 1930s.
Ravel, Maurice
1875 –1937; composer; friend and early patron of Lennox.
Sackville-West, Edward,  5th Baron Sackville
1901–65; music critic, novelist
Searle, Alan
c. 1910–85; secretary and companion to Somerset Maugham at Cap Ferrat, 1944 till Maugham’s death in 1965; Lennox’s lover, 1933–6.
Scherchen, Wolfgang (‘Wulff’) aka John Woolford
born 1920; poet, radio producer and civil servant; son of the German conductor Hermann Scherchen by his wife Gustel; Benjamin Britten’s young friend and musical inspiration, 1938–41.
Stravinsky, Soulima
1910–94;  Swiss-American pianist, composer and musicologist, son of Igor, and fellow pupil with Lennox of Nadia Boulanger.
Talbot Rice, David
1903–72; art historian; one of Lennox’s special friends at Oxford.
Thomas, Dylan
1914–53; Welsh poet who also wrote short stories and scripts for film and radio; one of a group of artists, including Lennox, who took sanctuary with John Davenport in Gloucestershire during the Battle of Britain.
Tippett, Sir Michael
1905–98; composer and conscientious objector whose work was championed by Lennox when it fell out of favour at an unsympathetic BBC during the war.
Waugh, Evelyn
1903–66; Catholic novelist and biographer whose novel Brideshead Revisited unintentionally lent its name to his and Lennox’s generation at Oxford. Lennox provided the incidental music for his satirical film The Scarlet Woman.
Wynne Willson, Dallas
housemaster of Gresham’s Junior School during Lennox’s time there during the First World War.